The History of
On the site of the present house and church stood a monastery in the care of the monks of Abingdon until the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536 on the order of King Henry VIII. The King kept Welford as his own deer hunting lodge until he granted it to one of his courtiers, Sir Thomas Parry in 1546. Sir Thomas later became Treasurer of the household of Queen Elizabeth I. His son, also called Sir Thomas Parry, was the next owner of Welford. He was a Member of Parliament, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Master of the Court of Wards and the ambassador to France. His heir sold Welford in 1618 to Sir Francis Jones Kt, Lord Mayor of London in 1620-1 and this is the one and only time that the Manor of Welford has changed hands for money.
Thomas could hardly have finished his work before his wife Eleanor and her mother Mary both died in 1702. Four years later John Archer also died and the house passed to the husband of his niece, Eleanor Wrottesley, who had married William Eyre from an old established family of Derbyshire. The condition of this inheritance was that William Eyre had to change his name to Archer. William was proud to belong to the Eyre family and stipulated that at the earliest opportunity in a future generation a second son would resume his family name of Eyre. In the event this was not to happen for several generations, and then a lack of sons in further generations meant that the family name was resumed only for one generation.
The Houblons were a Huguenot family who fled to London in 1560 from Lille, then part of the Spanish Netherlands, in order to escape the religious persecution then being imposed by the Spanish Governor. They quickly established themselves in London as merchants, traders and financiers. Several members of the family were friends of the diarist Samuel Pepys and one, Sir John Houblon became the first Governor of the Bank of England when it was founded in 1694. He is depicted on the back of the old English £50 note. In 1731 the Houblons left the city of London when they purchased the large house of Hallingbury Place.
In the following generation there was again only one male heir and this was Charles’ son George. He inherited Welford first but in 1891 on the death of his childless uncle he inherited Hallingbury too. On this date he moved from Welford to Hallingbury and took the name Archer Houblon. Again Welford was let to tenants, and during the First World War the house became a convalescent home under the care of Lady Wantage who was George’s aunt by marriage.
By the end of the war George’s son Henry had inherited both houses and Culverthorpe too. He was a confirmed bachelor and decided that he did not need three large houses so he sold Hallingbury and Culverthorpe and resided at Welford mainly because it was the smallest of the three. In 1954 he died and again there was a lack of male heirs. He left Welford to the daughter of his sister. This was Aline who had married John Puxley in 1947. Aline and John resided at Welford until 1997 when she gifted the house to her son James who currently lives in the house with his wife and a son and a daughter.
Descendents of the Manor of Welford
1536 – 1546King Henry V111.
1546 – 1618Sir Thomas Parry and his son, also Sir Thomas Parry.
1618 – 1622Sir Francis Jones. (Purchased Welford from Sir Thomas Parry).
1622 – 1628Abraham Jones, his son. 1628 – 1664 Richard Jones, his son.
1664 – 1702Mary Archer (nee Jones, married John Archer), his daughter.
1702 – 1706John Archer, her husband.
1706 – 1739William Eyre (changed his name to Archer), the husband of his sister’s daughter.
1739 – 1800John Archer, his son.
1800 – 1831John Houblon (changed name to Archer Houblon), his grandson(the son of his daughter).
1831 – 1886Charles Archer Houblon (changed his name to Eyre), his second son.
1886 – 1913George Eyre (changed name to Archer Houblon), his son.
1913 – 1954Henry Archer Houblon, his son.
1954 – 1997Aline Puxley (nee Wilson, married John Puxley), the daughter of his sister Sybil.
1997 – James Puxley, her son.